In an interview, Bruce Lee said that you have to be like water. It can take any form, but no one doubts its strength and power. This describes adaptive behavior. We adapt to the world around us, we change our behavior, our habits, etc. How good is that? Aren’t we losing ourselves in the process? On what does the development of adaptive behavior depend? Maybe we should not adapt, but stand our ground, proudly bearing the banner of the loner and the “white crow”?
What Is Adaptive Behavior
Adaptive behavior is formed in humans under the influence of the environment, society, and society. We choose adaptive tactics, and as a result of the chosen tactics a certain line of behavior is formed. As our environment changes, so does our behavior. For example, if people around you start playing at an online casino Deutschland, you start thinking about gambling too.
Adaptive behavior manifests itself when a person consciously takes part in any kind of activity, feels emotionally well, avoids conflict situations, can realize himself/herself regardless of circumstances, takes the initiative in his/her own hands, and is interested in what is going on. Adaptive behavior should not go beyond social and ethical norms.
How Adaptive Behavior Is Formed
Adaptive behavior is formed in childhood. The child learns to build communications with peers, with educators and teachers in the educational environment, and communicates in the family. He has to confront certain difficulties and problems that arise.
How the child can evaluate himself or herself (criticality and adequacy of his or her self-esteem) plays an important role in the formation of adaptive behavior. Self-esteem should not be underestimated; otherwise, the motivation to meet the requirements of older people and peers, and the motivation to learn and develop, are also lost. At a younger school age, the child begins to clearly understand that it’s the behavior that determines the resolution of conflict and life situations. Thus the child can intuitively choose various strategies of adaptive behavior which can also turn out to be ineffective.
Adaptive Behavior Strategies
Adaptive behavior begins to form in childhood under the influence of the environment, by overcoming difficulties or certain obstacles. In the process of overcoming these difficulties, a person may resort to certain models or strategies of behavior. These strategies can be divided into three large universal groups. Within these groups, behaviors can be further subdivided into separate types.
The first group is active participation in change. Under the influence of the environment, a person either actively participates in change by changing his or her behavior, or begins to “pressure” those around him or her to change.
The second group is escape or retreat. Here a model of behavior is chosen in which a person avoids an alarming situation by all means, or, having got into it, escapes.
The third group is the compromise model of behavior. If it’s impossible to avoid problems, the person is forced to compromise, either involuntarily or voluntarily. Often such a compromise leads to personal changes, changes in attitudes and views.
Formation of Adaptive Behavior in Children With Mental Disorders
Every child has his or her own way of adapting and forming certain behaviors. But what to do if the child has mental disorders (congenital or acquired)? After all, in this case, the process of formation of adaptive behavior can be impossible or very problematic.
There are a number of features of mental disorders, such as decreased rate of development, underdevelopment of motor and speech functions, immaturity of the cognitive and emotional-volitional spheres of development. The degree of these can vary from mild to severe. Serious work is needed here to diagnose and correct such disorders, to design individual developmental and educational programs.
The formation of adaptive behavior plays a huge role for children with mental disorders. This is an opportunity to later lead an independent life (taking into account the existing disabilities), the development of communication skills for communication and interaction with others, the ability to navigate in modern life, the development of self-care skills, and much more.